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Jefferson's Farmbook
Home Up Jefferson's Farmbook Martha Jefferson Randolph Harriett Hemings Jefferson, b. 1795 Edy Hemings Jefferson Beverly Hemings Jefferson, born 1798 Harriett Hemings Jefferson2, born 1801 Madison Hemings Jefferson, born 1805 Eston Hemings Jefferson, born 1808

Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.

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Jefferson's Farmbook

Thomas Jefferson's Farm Book - Table 1, Pre-Revolution Era (1715 - 1775) Two Generations

PG-YR.LOCATIONOWNERBIRTH/ GENERATIONNAMETASKDEATHMOTHERFATHERCOUNTY
Notes from TJ Account Book, 1773

Jan.21. bot Ursula, and her sons George and Bagwell of Felemings's estate for 210 pounds sterling. 12 month's credit.

Jan.29. sold Sandy to Colonel Charles Lewis for 100 pounds sterling paiable in June. from which deduct 9 pounds - 4 shillings - 8 pence my present debt with him, leaves 90 pounds - 15 shillings - 4 pence to be recd.

September 29. Jane Jefferson's slaves deeded to Thomas Jefferson.

 

5-1774MonticelloT.J.ab 1731 Goliah01FieldLabr"??Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 58 """"""
Note: TJ's roll of Negroes in Nov 1794 notes that Goliah was born around 1731. If so, she was 12 years of age when her son Jupiter was born. Jupiter's birth was symbolic of the degeneration of humanity anywhere by any racial or ethnic group wherein offspring are essentially of the same generation as their parent.
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1721 ? Hercules01FieldLabr1783 +??Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 58"""???
Note: T.J's farmbook does not estimate age of Hercules but assumptions are that he was at least 10 years older than Goliah. Listed on 1783-1794 inventory.
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1743Jupiter01TitheableGoliah01Hercules01Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 59""""
30-1800"""""Jan 1800""
Note: "Peter Jefferson left a "body servant" to each child, so Jefferson had a personal valet at age fourteen, and would have one all his life. The role of Negro as subservient was thus further reinforced; it became a bone-deep feeling. Still, his affection for and dependence upon these men, especially Jupiter, who accompanied him to William and Mary, James Hemings, his valet in Paris, and Burwell, who attended him to his death, represented a special relationship the exact nature of which largely defies definition. [Thomas Jefferson: Prof Fawn Brody]

Jupiter lived five years less than Hercules his father --- suggesting that death was both premature and unexpected. Research is needed to better attempt at understanding the type illnesses that many slaves died from.

"Several months before his election his slave Jupiter, exactly his own age, who had attended him like a shadow at William and Mary, and who had for years served as his coachman, died after nine days of suffering. Martha blamed it on medicine prescribed by a black doctor; Jefferson, however, wrote his son-in-law that he feared it came from Jupiter's insistence on accompanying him part way to Philadelphia. Knowing he was ailing, Jefferson said, he had "engaged Davy Bowles," but "Jupiter was so much disturbed at this that I yielded." He death, Jefferson continued sadly, "leaves void in my administration which I cannot fill up." James Hemings died in 1801. All we know is that Jefferson wrote to Thomas Mann Randolph of his "tragical end." [Thomas Jefferson: Prof. Fawn Brody]

5-1774MonticelloT.J.est. 1726 Gill01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 58"" """
21-1774"""""1774"""
Note: TJ Farmbook does not note cause of death or age. Assumptions are that he was perhaps 10 years older than Fanny and labored as a farmer at Monticello.
5-1774MonticelloT.J.ab 1736 Fanny01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 58"" """
30-1800""""Spinner "" Albemarle
Note: TJ Farmbook reflects Fanny as plantation mate/unofficial wife of Gill --- a father without authority over her or offspring. Relationship was likely as good as allowable under plantation slavery wherein fertile mothers were highly valued and functioned as matriarchs responsible to the patriarch/slave owner as their earthly lord, master and provider.

TJ listed her as a spinner in the 1800 inventory suggesting that she no longer worked in the fields.

5-1774MonticelloT.J.1760/Gen 59Ned01FieldLabr Fanny01Gill01Albemarle
          
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1765Suckey01  Fanny01Gill01Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 59"  """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1767Frankey01  Fanny01Gill01Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 59"  ""Albemarle
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1769Gill02  Fanny01 Gill01Albemarle
15-1774""Gen 59"  " "Albemarle
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. Quash01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
15-1774"" "" "" 
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. Nell01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1757Bella01FieldLabr Nell01Quash01Albemarle
15-1774Monticello"""" """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1760Charles01FieldLabr Nell01Quash01Albemarle
15-1774""""" """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1768Jenny01  Nell01Quash01Albemarle
15-1774""""  """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. Betty01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
15-1774"" "" ??"
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. Juna01Infirmed ??Albemarle
15-1774""""??"
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1753Toby01FieldLabr Juna01?Albemarle
15-1774""""" """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1758Luna01Infirmed Juna01?Albemarle
15-1774""""" """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1747Cate01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
15-1774""""" """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1770Hannah01  Cate01?Albemarle
15-1774""""  ??"
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1773Rachael01  Cate01?Albemarle
15-1774""""  "?"
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. George01Titheable ??Albemarle
15-1774"" "" "" 
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. Ursula01Titheable ??Albemarle
15-1774"" "" ??"
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J. George02  Ursula01George01Albemarle
15-1774""1759"  """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.Bagwell01Ursual01George01Albemarle
15-1774""1768"  """
Note:
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1773Archy01  Ursula01George01Albemarle
15-1774""""  """
21-1774"""" Jul 1774""Albemarle
22-1775"" Dec1775Isaac  ""Albemarle
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1757Frank01Titheable ??Albemarle
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1759Bett "Brown" HemingsTitheable Betty HemingsAbram01Albemarle
15-1774MonticelloT.J.1759Bett "Brown" Hemings" " "" "Albemarle
5-1774MonticelloT.J.1762Scilla01Titheable ??Albemarle
15-1774MonticelloT.J."" " ?? 
6-1774LegoT.J. Hamy01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ?? 
6-1774LegoT.J. Will01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ???
6-1774LegoT.J. Leah01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
6-1774LegoT.J.1773Lucy01  Leah01?Albemarle
16-1774"" "  "?"
6-1774LegoT.J. Caesar01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Moll01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
6-1774ShadwellT.J.Dec 1768Phill01  Moll01?Albemarle
16-1774""""" "?"
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1771Phyllis01  Moll01?Albemarle
16-1774""""" "?"
21-1774""1774Betty04" Moll01?Albemarle
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1760Milly01Infirmed ??Albemarle
16-1774""""" """
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1764Dilcy01  ??Albemarle
16-1774""""  ??"
6-1774ShadwellT.J.Mar 1768Will02  ??Albemarle
16-1774""""  """
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Betty(Patt's dautr)02   Patt?Albemarle
16-1774ShadwellTJ.loan - H.Mullins Betty02  Patt?"
Note: H. Mullins, born abt 1720 in Goochland, no record of marriage. Longtime neighbor; and a contractor at both Shadwell and Monticello beginning in July 1771 through at least February 1774. Fathered legally acclaimed son David Mullins by unknown mother abt 1760-1770. Relationship with Patt or her daughter Betty is questionable but also unknown.
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Toby01Infirmed ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Sall01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1761Lucinda01Titheable Sall01?Albemarle
16-1774""""" """
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1765Simon01  Sall01?Albemarle
16-1774""""  "?"
6-1774ShadwellT.J.Nov 1772Cyrus01  Sall01?Albemarle
16-1774""""  "?"
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Squire01FieldLabor ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" """
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Belinda01FieldLabor ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" """
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1760Val01FieldLabor Belinda01Squire01Albemarle
16-1774""""" """
6-1774ShadwellT.J.Mar 1768Charlotte01  Belinda01Squire01Albemarle
16-1774""""  """
6-1774ShadwellT.J.Sep 1771Minerva01  Belinda01Squire01Albemarle
16-1774""""  """
6-1774ShadwellT.J.Dec 1772Sarah01  Belinda01Squire01Albemarle
16-1774""""  """
21-1774ShadwellT.J.1774Iris01 Sep1774Belinda01Squire01Albemarle
22-1775MonticelloT.J.Jul 1775Iris02  """
Note: Cultural dynamics among slaves and owners often named newborn with same name as living siblings, ancestral relatives or child that died prematurely. Such practices reflect a sense of community existed among the mothers that gave birth.
7-1774GuineaJ.W. Abram01Carpenter ??Cumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J. "Carpenter ??Albemarle
7-1774GuineaJ.W.1760Barnaby01Blacksmith ?BillyBoy01Cumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J.""" ""Albemarle
7-1774GuineaJ.W. Phill02Shoemaker ??Cumberland
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W. King01Waterman ??Bedford
15-1774MonticelloT.J. "" ??Albemarle
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W. Peg01Infirmed ??Bedford
17-1774"T.J. "" ??Bedford
21-1774PoplarForestT.J. ""Mar1774??Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W. JudyHix01FieldLabor ??Bedford
17-1774"T.J. Judy Hix01" ??Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W.1771Hanah02  JudyHix01?Bedford
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.F.Oct 1771"  ""Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W.1773Tamar01  JudyHix01?Bedford
17-1774"T.J.June 1773"  "?Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W. Jupiter02FieldLabor ??Bedford
17-1774"T.J. "" ??Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W. Phyllis01Infirmed ??Bedford
17-1774"T.J. "" ??Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W.1768Shandy01  PhyllisJupiter02Bedford
17-1774"T.J.Aug 1768"  ""Bedford
 
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W.1770Sam01  PhyllisJupiter02Bedford
17-1774"T.J.July 1770"  ""Bedford
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W.1772Phyllis02  PhyllisJupiter02Bedford
17-1774"T.J.Nov 1772"  ""Bedford
21-1774"T.J.Feb1775John Jupiter03  ""Bedford
Note: TJ and a few other owners, such as GW, allowed for family names to be adapted and used by some slaves and not others.
7-1774Crank's J.W. Peter01Waterman ?King01?
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Emanuel01FieldLabor ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Patt01FieldLabor ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1769Prince01  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1770Isabel01  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""?
Note: TJ gave Isabel (age 12) as a gift in 1782 to Anna Scott Jefferson who was born in 1755, married Hastings Marks in 1788.
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1772Peter02  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1772Sam02  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Lucy01Infirmed ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Jack01Infirmed ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
7-1774PoplarForestJ.W. Billy Boy01Blacksmith ??Bedford
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "" """
7-1774PoplarForestJ.W. GuineaWill01FieldLabor ??Bedford
16-1774"" "" ?" 
7-1774PoplarForestJ.W. Betty03FieldLabor ??Bedford
16-1774"" "" """
7-1774PoplarForestJ.W.Sep 1767Hall01  Betty03GuineaWillBedford
16-1774""""  """
7-1774PoplarForestJ.W.Mar 1769Dilcy02  Betty03GuineaWillBedford
16-1774""""  """
7-1774PoplarForestJ.W.Mar 1771Suckey02  Betty03GuineaWillBedford
16-1774""""  """
21-1774PopularForestT.J.Sep1774Patty02  """
7-1774Wingo'sJ.W.1753John01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774"T.J.""" """
7-1774Wingo'sJ.W.1755Davy01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774""""" ?? 
7-1774Wingo'sJ.W.1753MaryHemingsTitheable BettyHemingsAbram01Cumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J."" "" " "" "Albemarle
7-1774Wingo'sJ.W.1757Doll01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774"T.J.""" ??"
7-1774Wingo'sJ.W. Charles01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774"T.J. "" ??"
7-1774Elk HillJ.W. JmHubbard01Waterman ?King01Goochland
15-1774MonticelloT.J. "" ""Albemarle
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Sue01FieldLabor ??Goochland
17-1774"T.J. "" """
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1757Robin01Titheable Sue01Abram01Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1759Phoebe01FieldLabor Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""" ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1762Betty04  Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""""Goochland
21-1774"T.J.""Nov15,1774""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1764Joe01  Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""1781 ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1766Patty01  Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""given as gift. ""Goochland
Note: TJ gave 11-12 year old Patty to Mrs. Harris in 1777. Possibility that she was Mary Elizabeth (Betsey) Dabney of Albemarle who married Daniel Maupin of Albemarle in 1755 but had apparently married Christopher Harris of Hanover, Virginia in 1745; and with family ties in Goochland. Another possibility exists that it was Mrs. Mary Harris, White wife of a Black loyalist evacuated from American colonies and lived with wife as a prospective colonist in London enroute to Sierre Leone around 1787. Sources: www.familysearch.com and The Loyal Blacks (page 142) by Ellen Gibson Wilson, 1977.
7-1774 Elk Hill J.W. 1768Sanco01 Carpenter  Sue01 Abram01 Goochland
8-1774Elk HillT.J.""" """
15-1774Monticello T.J.""" """
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""" """
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1771Nanny01  Sue01?Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  "?"
17-1774"T.J.1773Sue02  "? "
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Nan01FieldLabor ??Goochland
17-1774"T.J. ""1774??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Frank01FieldLabor ??Goochland
15-1774MonticelloT.J.1757"Titheable ""Albemarle
17-1774"T.J. ""1775??Goochland
Note: TJ notes on page 22 that Frank was the wife of Mingo at Elk Hill suggesting that her movement to Monticello had separated her from him, and the likely realization of loneliness and despair possibly leading to illness and death by a childless women among non-family members. Assumptions are that TJ would also have considered such effects after the fact.
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1764Gamey01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J."" 1774""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1766Natt01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1768Joan01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1771Armistead01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1773Natia01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. York01Titheable ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Mima01FieldLabor ??Goochland
17-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1771Beck01  Mima01York01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  "?Goochland
21-1774Elk HillT.J.1774Nancy  "?Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Tomo01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Rose01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Turpin01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Jack01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. PattKennon01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1767Tom01  PattKennon01Jack01Goochland
18-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1769Jeffery01  PattKennon01Jack01Goochland
18-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
21-1774Elk HillT.J.1774Betty05  ""Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Brandford01FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Jenny01FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Sam02Infirmed   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Polydore01FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Suckey03FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1773Mary01  Suckey03?Goochland
18-1774"T.J."" Feb 1774"?Goochland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Londy01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. "" ??Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Sarah01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. ""1781??Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Ned01FieldLabor Sarah01 LondyCumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J.1760"Titheable ""Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. "FieldLabors ""Cumberland
22-1775"T.J.Jul 1775Anakey  Phoebe01Ned01Cumberland
Note: T.J. does not record movement of Phoebe to Judith's Creek, but records birth and parentage of Anakey as Ned and Phoebe. Polygamy was a widespread and dominant practice among both owners, overseers and slaves with the access, benefits and privileges necessary for such cultural dynamics to exist.
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Amey01FieldLabor Sarah01LondyCumberland
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "" ""Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Isabel01FieldLabor " "Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. "" ""Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Lewis01  Sarah01 Cumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J. "Sold Jan. 82 " Albemarle
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1764Sarah02  Sarah01 Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.""  " Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Peg02  Sarah01 Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. "  " Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Phoebe01FieldLabor   Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. ""   Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1764Frank02  Phoebe01 Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.Jan 1764"  " Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1767Betty05  Phoebe01 Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.Aug1767"  " Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1769Lucy02  Phoebe01 Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.July1769"  " Cumberland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Sam03FieldLabor ??Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. ""1774??Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Dinah01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. "" ??Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Jack01FieldLabor Dinah01Sam03Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Aggy01FieldLabor Dinah01Sam03Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. "" ""Bedford
21-1774"T.J. ""1774""Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1762Sam04  Aggy01Jack01Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J.Feb 1762"  ""Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1764Judy02  Aggy01Jack01Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J.""  ""Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1766Dinah02  Aggy01Jack01Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J.""  ""Bedford
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1769Solomon01  Aggy01Jack01Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J.""  ""Bedford
9-1774IndianCampJ.W. Will02FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "" ""Bedford
9-1774IndianCampJ.W. Judy03FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "" ""Bedford
9-1774IndianCampJ.W. Jemmy01  Judy03Will02Cumberland
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "  ""Bedford
9-1774IndianCampJ.W.1764York02  Judy03Will02Cumberland
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "  ""Bedford
15-1774MonticelloT.J." "Waterman ""Albemarle
9-1774IndianCampJ.W.ab1757Abby01  Judy03Will02Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.""FieldLaobr ""Cumberland
9-1774IndianCampJ.W.1772Jesse01  Abby01?Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.Nov 1772"  "?Cumberland
21-1774Wingo'sT.J.Aug1774Judy04  "?Cumberland
9-1774IndianCampJ.W. Ambrose01FieldLabor  ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774IndianCampJ.W. Hannah02FieldLabor  ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774IndianCampJ.W.1770Hamy02  Hannah02Ambrose01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774IndianCampJ.W.1772Nanny02  Hannah02Ambrose01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
21-1774Elk HillT.J.Jan 1774Ambrose02  Hanah02Ambrose01Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Cate02FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Cuffey01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Stephen01FieldLabor Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ""Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W.1764Sall02  Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W.1766Phill02  Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W.1772Daniel01  Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Sam04FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ? ?Goochland
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Nancy02FieldLabor   Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1735Betty HemingsTitheable ?J HemingsCumberland
Note: Shipping records for the period preceding birth of Betty Hemings indicates that her mother was likely imported from Jamaica to Williamsburg; and, initials of the ship owner and captain can be decoded from those records. Also, Betty Hemings and her children were apparently relocated from the Forest Plantation home of John Wayles, after his death, --- to his nearby Guinea plantation, and then to the Elk Hill plantation after TJ assumed ownership.
18-1774Elk HillT.J."Betty HemingsTitheable ?J.HemingsGoochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1761Nancy Hemings West  BettyHemingsBenjaminWestCumberland
Note: Research indicates that Benjamin West, a White man of Maryland was resident in Cumberland County and later also fathered White children in Botetcourt County.
18-1774Elk HillT.J.1761 Nancy Hemings West  BettyHemings BenjaminWestGoochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1765JamesHemingsWayles  BettyHemingsJohnWaylesCumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J."" " "  " "" "Albemarle
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1767TheniaHemingsWayles  BettyHemingsJohnWaylesCumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1769CrittaHemingsWayles  BettyHemingsJohnWaylesCumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.Aug 1770PeterHemingsWayles  BettyHemingsJohnWaylesCumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1773SallyHemingsWayles  BettyHemingsJohnWaylesCumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1772DanielHemingsWayles  MaryHemings?Cumberland
Note: TJ noted Daniel as the grandson of Betty Hemings. Assumptions are that his mother was Mary, and the possibility of JW or one of the male slaves at Wingo Plantation as the father of Daniel. It is also possible that Daniel was the son of Martin Hemings and unknown mother studded by him. It is evident that John Wayles the slave trader was a slave breeder after the import from Caribbean was banned by British government in 1733-1734 time frame.
18-1774Elk HillT.J."DanielHemingsWayles   MaryHemings ?Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W. Aggy02Titheable ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1764Jenny02  Aggy02?Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  "?Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1767Dick01  Aggy02?Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  "?Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W. BlackSall03FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ""Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1769Aggy03  Sall03?Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  "?Goochland
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1771Jemmy01  Sall03?Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  "?Goochland
21-1774Elk HillT.J.Jan 1774Annonymous Feb1774BlackSall?Goochland
9-1774BridgequarterJ.W. Will03FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk Hill T.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774BridgequarterJ.W. Betty06FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774BridgequarterJ.W. Tom02FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774BridgequarterJ.W. Isabel02FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774Liggon'sJ.W. Bagby Peter03FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ?? Goochland
9-1774Liggon'sJ.W. Hanah03FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774Liggon'sJ.W.1772Betty07  Hannah03Peter03Goochland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
21-1774Elk HillT.J.1774Solomon  ""Goochland
9-1774ForestJ.W.1756MartinHemingsTitheable BettyHemingsAbram01CharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J."" "" " ""Albemarle
Note: From Account Book, 1774. Mar.14 recd from the Forest 4 Doz.10, bott. of Jamaica rum (note I shall keep a tally of these as we use them by making a mark in the margin in order to try the fidelity of Martin.
9-1774ForestJ.W.1762RobertHemingsWayles  BettyHemingsJohnWaylesCharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J."" " "  " "" "Albemarles
9-1774ForestJ.W.1761Dinah03  ??CharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J.""Titheable ""Albemarle
9-1774ForestJ.W.1763Billy Warney  ??CharlesCity
9-1774ForestJ.W. Lucy01FieldLabor ??CharlesCity
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.1747 " ?? 
9-1774ForestJ.W. Suck01Titheable ??CharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J.1758"" ""Albemarle
9-1774ForestJ.W. Old Jenny01Titheable ??CharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J. " "" ""Albemarle
9-1774ForestJ.W. Mingo01FieldLabor ??CharlesCity
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
9-1774ForestJ.W. Tom ShucklefordFieldLabor ??CharlesCity
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "" ""Bedford

Thomas Jefferson's Farm Book - Table 3, Post-Revolution Era (1783 - 1794)

Page 24 of the Farm Book does not list the following individuals reflected earlier on pages 5 through 23. TJ's letter to Alexander McCaul dated Paris Jan.4 1787 reads: ".... A number of slaves have been sold, & I have lately received information from Messrs. Eppes & Lewis that the proceeds of that sale with the profits of the estate to the end of 1786 would pay off the whole of the secondary debts .... (DLC). It would appear that upwards of sixty-five slaves (listed below) at the various plantations died, escaped or were sold during the fighting or era following the end of the revolutionary war in 1783.

"Of the twenty-two slaves who fled twelve died, and of the six who returned four died shortly, either of "camp fever" or of smallpox, which now became epidemic at Monticello and killed eight additional slaves. Jefferson soberly recorded all the details in his Farm Book. His own moral dilemma we learn about most concretely from a letter he wrote some years later in Paris. Here he described how Cornwallis "carried off" thirty of his slaves, adding: Had this been to give them freedom, he would have done right, but it was to consign them to inevitable death from small pox and putrid fever then raging in his camp. This I knew afterwards to have been the fate of 27 of them. I never had news of the remaining three.... I supposed the state of Virginia lost under Lord Cornwallis's hands that year about 30,000 slaves, and that of these about 27,000 died of the small pox and camp fever, and the rest were prtly sent to the West Indies and exchanged for rum, sugar, coffee and fruits, and partly sent to New York, ffrm whence they went at the peace either to Nova Scotia, or England. From this place I believer they have been lately sent to Africa." [Thomas Jefferson: Prof. Fawn Brody]

7-1774Crank's J.W. Peter01Waterman ?King01?
15-1774Monticello"""" """
Note: The very physically demanding work of waterman included filling barrels of river and stream water onto horse-drawn wagons for delivery and use irrigating new fields until such time as the manual digging, daming and maintaining of canals from the rivers and streams to the fields. Records identify 21 crop fields at Monticello and all would have required water/irrigation skilled labor: (1) Antient field (2) Belfield (3) Brokenfield (4) Cooper's field (5) Crossfield (6) Elbowfield (7) Highfield (8) Hollowfield (9) Knobfield (10) Longfield (11) Meadowfield (12) Northfield, (13) Oatfield, (14) Parkfield, (15) Raggedfield, (16) Ridgefield, (17) Riverfield, (18) Slatefield, (19) Smith's field, (20) Springfield, and (21) Squarefield.
6-1774LegoT.J. Hamy01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ?? 
29-1783Shadwell" "Escaped ??Albemarle
Note: T.J entry in 1781: Elkhill/Shadwell --- Sam, Jenny, Hamy --- joined enemy. Indications are their escape behind British lines was successful or there is no further mention of their death, capture or return. Research is required to determine if any were among former slaves evacuated from New York to Nova Scotia or recaptured and resold as contraband by British to Caribbean colonists.
6-1774LegoT.J. Leah01FieldLabr ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
Note: Research is required to determine her relationships and disposition. Possibility that she and her daughter below were sold after the 1774 inventory. Indications are that a column of names may have been removed from page 24 inventory listing of 1783. Publisher notes that pages 25, 26. 35, 36, 49, 50, 73, 74, 151, 152, 169, 170, 175, and 176 are missing from the original Farm Book.
6-1774LegoT.J.1773Lucy01  Leah01?Albemarle
16-1774"" "  "?"
Note: Same as mother above.
6-1774ShadwellT.J.1764Dilcy01  ??Albemarle
16-1774""""  ??"
Note:
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Betty(Patt's dautr)02   Patt?Albemarle
16-1774ShadwellTJ.loan - H.Mullins Betty02  Patt?"
Note: H. Mullins, born abt 1720 in Goochland, no record of marriage. Longtime neighbor; and a contractor at both Shadwell and Monticello beginning in July 1771 through at least February 1774. Fathered legally acclaimed son David Mullins by unknown mother abt 1760-1770. Relationship with Patt or her daughter Betty is questionable but also unknown.
6-1774ShadwellT.J. Toby01Infirmed ??Albemarle
16-1774"" "" ??"
Note:
7-1774GuineaJ.W.1760Barnaby01Blacksmith ?BillyBoy01Cumberland
15-1774MonticelloT.J.""" ""Albemarle
29-1783MonticelloT.J.""Escaped, Returned1783?"Albemarle
Note:
7-1774Judith'sCreekJ.W. Peg01Infirmed ??Bedford
17-1774"T.J. "" ??Bedford
21-1774PoplarForestT.J. ""Mar1774??Bedford
Note:
17-1774"T.J.June 1773"  "?Bedford
Note:
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Emanuel01FieldLabor ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
29-1781?T.J. Hannibal? ??Cumberland
Note: Analysis indicates that Emanuel was also known as Hannibal and sired family that sought to escape somewhere in Cumberland County. TJ farmbook entry: Cumberland --- Hannibal, Patty, Sam, Sally, Nanny, Fanny, Prince and Nancy --- fled to the enemy & died.
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Patt01FieldLabor ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
29-1781?T.J. Patty? ??Cumberland
Note: Analysis indicates that Emanuel was also known as Hannibal and sired family that sought to escape somewhere in Cumberland County. TJ farmbook entry: Cumberland --- Hannibal, Patty, Sam, Sally, Nanny, Fanny, Prince and Nancy --- fled to the enemy & died.
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1769Prince01  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
29-1781?T.J.""  ""Cumberland
Note: Analysis indicates that Emanuel was also known as Hannibal and sired family that sought to escape somewhere in Cumberland County. TJ farmbook entry: Cumberland --- Hannibal, Patty, Sam, Sally, Nanny, Fanny, Prince and Nancy --- fled to the enemy & died.
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1770Isabel01  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""?
Note: TJ gave Isabel (age 12) as a gift in 1782 to Anna Scott Jefferson who was born in 1755, married Hastings Marks in 1788. "Isabel Hannibal's daughter after I'd given to A.S. Jefferson caught the camp fever from the Negroes who returned : & died."
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1772Peter02  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
Note:
7-1774Crank'sJ.W.1772Sam02  Patt01Emanuel01?
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
29-1781?T.J.""  ""Cumberland
Note: Analysis indicates that Emanuel was also known as Hannibal and sired family that sought to escape somewhere in Cumberland County. TJ farmbook entry: Cumberland --- Hannibal, Patty, Sam, Sally, Nanny, Fanny, Prince and Nancy --- fled to the enemy & died.
7-1774Crank'sJ.W. Jack01Infirmed ???
17-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
29-1781Elk HillT.J. ""abt 1781  Goochland
Note: T.J. notes: Elk Hill --- York, Isabel, Jack, Hanah's child, Phoebe's child --- caught small pox from enemy & died.
21-1774PopularForestT.J.Sep1774Patty02  ""Goochland
16-1774"T.J.""" """
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1757Robin01Titheable Sue01Abram01Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1762Betty04  Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""""Goochland
21-1774"T.J.""Nov15,1774""Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1764Joe01  Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
29-1783"T.J.""Escaped1783""Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1766Patty01  Sue01Abram01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""given as gift. ""Goochland
Note: TJ gave 11-12 year old Patty to Mrs. Harris in 1777. Possibility that she was Mary Elizabeth (Betsey) Dabney of Albemarle who married Daniel Maupin of Albemarle in 1755 but had apparently married Christopher Harris of Hanover, Virginia in 1745; and with family ties in Goochland. Another possibility exists that it was Mrs. Mary Harris, White wife of a Black loyalist evacuated from American colonies and lived with wife as a prospective colonist in London enroute to Sierre Leone around 1787. Sources: www.familysearch.com and The Loyal Blacks (page 142) by Ellen Gibson Wilson, 1977.
7-1774Elk HillT.J.1768 Sanco01Carpenter Sue01Abram01Goochland
15-1774Monticello T.J.""" """
17-1774Elk HillT.J.""" """
Note:
17-1774"T.J.1773Sue02  "? "
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Nan01FieldLabor ??Goochland
17-1774"T.J. ""1774??Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Frank01FieldLabor ??Goochland
15-1774MonticelloT.J.1757"Titheable ""Albemarle
17-1774"T.J. ""1775??Goochland
Note: TJ notes on page 22 that Frank was the wife of Mingo at Elk Hill suggesting that her movement to Monticello had separated her from him, and the likely realization of loneliness and despair possibly leading to illness and death by a childless women among non-family members. Assumptions are that TJ would also have considered such effects after the fact.
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1764Gamey01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J."" 1774""Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1766Natt01  Nan01Frank01Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
17-1774"T.J.""  ""Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. York01Titheable ??Goochland
29-1781Elk HillT.J. ""abt 1781??Goochland
Note: T.J. notes: Elk Hill --- York, Isabel, Jack, Hanah's child, Phoebe's child --- caught small pox from enemy & died.
21-1774Elk HillT.J.1774Nancy  "?Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Rose01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Turpin01FieldLabor ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Brandford01FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
29-1781"T.J. ""abt 1781??Goochland
Note: Elk Hill --- Brandford, Sue, Sue's daughter, --- caught the camp fever from the negroes who returned & died.
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Jenny01FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Sam02Infirmed   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W. Polydore01FieldLabor   Goochland
18-1774"T.J. ""   Goochland
Note:
8-1774Elk HillJ.W.1773Mary01  ??Goochland
18-1774"T.J."" Feb 1774??Goochland
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Sarah01FieldLabor ??Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. ""1781??Cumberland
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Peg02  Sarah01 Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. "  " Cumberland
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Phoebe01FieldLabor   Cumberland
16-1774Wingo'sT.J. ""   Cumberland
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Sam03FieldLabor ??Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. ""1774??Bedford
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W. Jack01FieldLabor Dinah01Sam03Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.Aggy01FieldLaborDinah01Sam03Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J. "" ""Bedford
21-1774"T.J. ""1774""Bedford
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1762Sam04  Aggy01Jack01Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J.Feb 1762"  ""Bedford
Note:
8-1774IndianCampJ.W.1764Judy02  Aggy01Jack01Cumberland
17-1774Judith'sCreekT.J.""  ""Bedford
Note:
9-1774IndianCampJ.W. Jemmy01  Judy03Will02Cumberland
16-1774PopularForestT.J. "  ""Bedford
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Cate02FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Stephen01FieldLabor Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ""Goochland
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W.1764Sall02  Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W.1766Phill02  Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W.1772Daniel01  Cate02Cuffey01Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Sam04FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ? ?Goochland
29-1781Elk HillT.J. " Escaped ??Goochland
Note:
9-1774AngolaJ.W. Nancy02FieldLabor   Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
29-1781? T.J. "Escaped 1781 ???Cumberland
Note:
9-1774GuineaJ.W. BlackSall03FieldLabor ??Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ""Goochland
29-1781Elk HillT.J. "Escaped1781 ???Goochland
Note: Elk Hill --- Black Sall, Jame (Black Sall's) Joe (Sue's), Cumberland -- Lucy. Joined enemy, returned & died.
29-1781Elk HillT.J. MoraEscaped1781 ?BlackSall?Goochland
Note: Elk Hill --- Mora (Black Sall's), Quomina (Black Sall's) ---joined enemy and died.
29-1781Elk HillT.J. QuominaEscaped1781 ?BlackSall?Goochland
Note: Elk Hill --- Mora (Black Sall's), Quomina (Black Sall's) --- joined enemy and died.
29-1781Elk HillT.J. JameEscaped1781 ?BlackSall?Goochland
Note: Elk Hill --- Black Sall, Jame (Black Sall's) Joe (Sue's), Cumberland -- Lucy. Joined enemy, returned & died.
9-1774GuineaJ.W.1771Jenny02?  Sall03?Cumberland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""Escaped "?Goochland
Note: TJ farmbook does not record any capture or reported death. Research is required to determine if she was listed among British evacuees or other disposition.
21-1774Elk HillT.J.Jan 1774Annonymous Feb1774BlackSall?Goochland
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
Note: Apparently the infant was not named before it died.
9-1774BridgequarterJ.W. Tom02FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
9-1774BridgequarterJ.W. Isabel02FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
9-1774Liggon'sJ.W. Bagby Peter03FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ?? Goochland
Note:
9-1774Liggon'sJ.W. Hanah03FieldLabor ?? 
18-1774Elk HillT.J. "" ??Goochland
Note:
9-1774Liggon'sJ.W.1772Betty07  Hannah03Peter03Goochland
18-1774Elk HillT.J.""  ""Goochland
Note:
21-1774Elk HillT.J.1774Solomon  ""Goochland
Note:
9-1774ForestJ.W.1761Dinah03  ??CharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J.""Titheable ""Albemarle
Note:
9-1774ForestJ.W. Lucy01FieldLabor ??CharlesCity
16-1774Wingo'sT.J.1747 " ?? 
Note:
9-1774ForestJ.W. Old Jenny01Titheable ??CharlesCity
15-1774MonticelloT.J. " "" ""

 

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