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James Lee Bannister, born abt 1824
Home Up James Lee Bannister, born abt 1824 Nancy Lee Bannister, born abt 1825 David Bannister, born abt.1829 Nancy Banister, born abt 1836 Charles Banister, born abt 1833 W.H. Banister, born abt 1845 Lucey Banister, born 1846

Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.

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William Lee, born abt 1878
Patrick Lee Banister, born abt 1842
Henry Lee, born abt 1851
Lucey Banister, born abt 1855

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                            Nancy Lee Banister, born abt 1825

                                                                James Banister, born 1792

                                                                Rose Lee (Carter), born 1788

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       James Lee Banister, born abt 1824 was Nancy Lee Banister's brother and the son of James Banister and Rose Lee (Carter).  He, sister Nancy, niece Kansas and mother Rose apparently left the Chesterfield County (Richmond-Petersburg) area of Virginia years before Nancy was indentured as a servant to the family of Robert E. Lee around 1846. His father James Banister died in Botetourt County during 1857; and the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 changed his opportunities.   And he enlisted in the great emancipation war during 1963, and was a veteran of the Union Army's U.S. Colored Troops.  Upon issue of the Emancipation Proclamation encouraging African American enlistments in the Union Forces, Jefferson Davis as President of the rebel states had warned that men like James, born in Virginia, if captured by the confederacy would be treated as traitors to their native states and subsequently executed for treason.  James did as thousands of other African-Americans with relatives still living in the slave states, he enlisted in surname (Lee) rather than that of Banister to prevent likelihood of retaliation against his relatives in Boutetort County.

During his absence and that of his sister Nancy from the Washington D.C. metro area that included Alexandria and Arlington, their mother Rose died in 1864 and was buried by her Carter relatives in the Freedmen's Cemetery.

 

United States Census, 1870

Name:

James Lee

Event Type:

Census

Event Year:

1870

Event Place:

Virginia, United States

Gender:

Male

Age:

45

Race:

Mulatto

Race (Original):

M

Birth Year (Estimated):

1824-1825

Birthplace:

Virginia

He had enlisted in the 4th Regiment organized in Baltimore during 1863 and served in battles leading to the defeat and surrender of Robert E. Lee and his army in April 1965; and apparently stationed in the Richmond-Petersburg vicinity until discharged in May 1866. 

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS

4th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry

Overview:
Organized at Baltimore, Md., July 15 to September 1, 1863. Moved to Fort Monroe, Va., October 1, 1863; thence moved to Yorktown, Va. Attached to 2nd Brigade, United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., 18th Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, 18th Corps, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to August, 1865. Dept. of North Carolina to May, 1866.
 
Service:
Duty at Yorktown till May, 1864. Expedition from Yorktown to Matthews County October 4-9, 1863. Wistar's Expedition against Richmond February 6-8, 1864. New Kent Court House February 8. Expedition to Bottom's Bridge in aid of Kilpatrick's Cavalry March 1-4. Expedition into King and Queen County March 9-12. Expedition into Matthews and Middlesex Counties March 17-21. Butler's operations south of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 15. Skirmish at Bermuda Hundred May 4. Duty at Spring Hill on the Appomattox till June. (Built Fort Converse on the Bermuda Hundred line.) Attack on Fort Converse May 20. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to December 7. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Dutch Gap September 7. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. 1st Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., December 7-27. 2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 7-15. Assault and capture of Fort Fisher, N. C., January 15. Sugar Loaf Hill January 19. Sugar Loaf Battery February 11. Fort Anderson February 18-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Northeast Ferry February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Cox's Bridge March 23-24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-18. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty in the Dept. of North Carolina till May, 1866. Mustered out May 4, 1866, with several hundred dollars in mustering out pay and apparently put to good use in sustainment of Lee family members.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 102 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 186 Enlisted men by disease. Total 292.
 

Household

Role

Gender

Age

Birthplace

James Lee

 

M

45

Virginia

Nancy Lee

 

F

36

Virginia

Henry Lee

 

M

19

Virginia

Candus Lee

 

F

17

Virginia

Viney Lee

 

F

14

Virginia

Thomas Lee

 

M

10

Virginia

George Lee

 

M

6

Virginia

Charlotte Lee

 

F

2

Virginia

Sallie Lee

 

F

1

Virginia

Rebecca Allen

 

F

22

Virginia

Above data supports our understanding as to how and why he is listed in the 1870 census as head of household that included Nancy Lee Banister and his and her children living in Midlothian, Chesterfield County, Virginia.  The census is relatively accurate as to ages that include my grandfather Thomas Lee, but census taker estimated and recorded Nancy being nine years younger than James.  Most significant in our research is apparent ability and willingness of James Lee to use his mustering out pay from the Union Army to help Nancy keep their families intact in a household located in Midlothian where they were able to grow food and feed themselves.  James and Nancy avoided the disastrous hunger conditions that affected many African-American free men, women and children in Richmond during year 1866.

Research and visits to the Hallsboro Road area of Midlothian offers compelling evidence that James and Nancy organized initiatives to acquire several acres of land that had to be cleared of trees and brush, ploughed and planted to grow string beans, corn, tomatoes, potatoes, collard and kale greens for purposes of feeding the assembled Lee family and farm animals that included chickens, hogs and at least one mule used for labor. This understanding helped us to better understand the presence in household of Henry Lee, who like James, likely had labor abilities and agricultural skills needed. 

James Lee

United States Census, 1870

Name:

James Lee

Event Type:

Census

Event Year:

1870

Event Place:

Virginia, United States

Gender:

Male

Age:

45

Race:

Mulatto

Race (Original):

M

Birth Year (Estimated):

1824-1825

Birthplace:

Virginia

Household

Role

Gender

Age

Birthplace

James Lee

 

M

45

Virginia

Nancy Lee

 

F

36

Virginia

Henry Lee

 

M

19

Virginia

Candus Lee

 

F

17

Virginia

Viney Lee

 

F

14

Virginia

Thomas Lee

 

M

10

Virginia

George Lee

 

M

6

Virginia

Charlotte Lee

 

F

2

Virginia

Sallie Lee

 

F

1

Virginia

Rebecca Allen

 

F

22

Virginia

Household ID: 412 , Line Number: 9 , Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) , Affiliate Publication Number: M593 , GS Film number: 000553139 , Digital Folder Number: 004268493 , Image Number: 00541 

Below data from the 1880 census reflects that he has moved from Midlothian to Augusta, Virginia and is married  to Lucinda Lee and has fathered a son that he named William Lee.

James Lee
Age:60
Birth Year:abt 1820
Birthplace:Virginia
Home in 1880:Beverly Manor, Augusta, Virginia
Race:Black
Gender:Male
Relation to Head of House:Self (Head)
Marital Status:Married
Spouse's Name:Lucinda Lee
Father's Birthplace:Virginia
Mother's Birthplace:Virginia
Neighbors:View others on page
Occupation:Laborer
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and Dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:
Household Members:
NameAge
James Lee60
Lucinda Lee40
William Lee2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home ] Up ] William Lee, born abt 1878 ] Patrick Lee Banister, born abt 1842 ] Henry Lee, born abt 1851 ] Lucey Banister, born abt 1855 ]

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Last modified: 12/29/16