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Lewis Marshall Robinson Martin, born abt 1895
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Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.

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Emma Louise Lowry Martin, born May 1918
Alphonzo Quinto Lowry Martin, born 24 April 1929
Leoma Myrtle Lowry Martin, born abt 1922
Album Buster Lowry Martin, born abt 1923
Lewis Emmet Lowry Martin, born abt 1924
Harold Martin, Sr., born 28 Dec 1930
Zyra Yvonne Lowry Robinson-Martin
Ida Minerva Lowry Martin

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Born 27 Oct 1895 in Bedford City, Virginia, Lewis Marshall Robinson Martin may have been fathered by Louis Marshall of Bedford County.  It is also possible that his actual father was Stephen Martin and married his mother sometime after he and she were deemed old enough to assume home-maker responsibilities.    This practice was common among patrilineal minded Virginia families confronted with the issue of "puppy love" that generated offspring by underage parents.  In fact, it was very common that a child would be given the family surname of the mother until she married, and then changed it.  Such was the case with Adeline Frog Kyle Atkins, born abt 1910

Lewis is believed to have spent his early years among family members in Bedford and lived in Virginia and West Virginia with his mother and step-father Stephen Martin after and possibly before they married.  We think he probably lived with his Uncle Isaac Robinson or father Stephen Martin giving him access to cousins in his age group.  Evidence of the close ties between Lewis Marshall Martin and the family Stephen Martin is evidenced by fact that Lewis would later name his son Lewis Emmett Martin in honor of his cousin Emmett Martin, born abt 1879 that he obviously felt close to.  

Our considerations are that Lewis Marshall Martin who was born in Bedford County may have been fathered by Louis Marshall of Bedford County or Stephen Martin also born in the same county and time-frame as Louis Marshall.  A likely possibility is that Louis Marshall and Sarah were sweethearts and possibly married though not likely since she was 15 years and he about 17 years of age.  Our search of the 1900 census data does not show him listed via the surnames of Marshall, Martin or Robinson.

Whatever the circumstances may have been, the care of the infant Lewis included his mother Sarah's surname of Robinson and possible rearing by a Robinson uncle or great uncle. 

Our reasoning is that parents of Sarah at age 15-16 years were still residing in Iowa and her relatives in Bedford County, and in accordance with custom would likely have cared for both her and the child until she was able to do so.  We know that his mother Sarah according to U.S. Census for 1900 was living with her grandmother in Philadelphia and Lewis was not listed as a household member.

Assumptions are that he assumed the surname of Martin when his mother married Stephen Martin sometime before World War I, and was taken into the coal mines as an apprentice to him.      

Wife: Rose Alice Wilkerson Lowry

Father?  Louis Marshall ?       

Mother: Sarah Robinson Marshall Martin Toliver

Uncle: Isaac Robinson, born abt 1870

Great Grandmother: Mildred Robinson, born abt 1826

Adopted Father:  Stephen Martin, born abt 1877

Step FatherWalter Toliver, born abt 1885

 

 

 

 

Note:  There is a discrepancy with birth-date listed but we are relatively certain it is the same Lewis Martin born 27 October 1895 in Bedford, Virginia.

 
Name:Lewis Martin
County:McDowell
State:West Virginia
Birthplace:Virginia; United States of America
Birth Date:21 Oct 1896
Race:African (Black)
FHL Roll Number:1992622
DraftBoard:2


about Lewis M Martin

Name:Lewis M Martin
Service Info.:PVT US ARMY WORLD WAR I
Birth Date:22 Oct 1895
Death Date:7 Jul 1973
Service Start Date:29 Oct 1917
Interment Date:10 Jul 1973
Cemetery:Long Island National Cemetery
Cemetery Address:2040 Wellwood Avenue Farmingdale, NY 11735-1211
Buried At:Section 2m Site 1388
Lewis Martin
SSN:209-07-4859
Last Residence:10453  Bronx, Bronx, New York, United States of America
Born:22 Oct 1895
Died:Jul 1973
State (Year) SSN issued:Pennsylvania (Before 1951)
World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 record for Lewis Martin
 
 

Lewis (Robinson) Marshall Martin, his life and times were not easy to be useful for self and family in a world that viewed him and them as little more than "hewers of wood and bearers of water" for others.   Descendents should have no illusions about their own generation's debts to men exactly like Lewis Martin.  He and they were tried and challenged to labor almost to the brink of exhaustion in helping to make the world safe for democracy in Europe and racism in America that within a decade spread to Europe and beginnings of World War II. 

If your grand-children should ever ask you about him, "tell them he fought the good fight, and lived a useful life."  Tell them he was one of hundreds of thousands of Black men born and labored for little or nothing in the rich coal veins of the Allegheny Mountain chain stretching from Alabama through North Carolina, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Pennsylvania and western New York. 

And, be sure to tell them that his father and father's fathers were often leased to mine owners by greedy slave owners down in Virginia Counties like Giles, Bedford, King and Queen and other counties where they were held in bondage.

 

A coal field opened around 1900 to mine a rich, thick section of the Pittsburgh seam that, after proper preparation, produced a good quality of coke, hence the many beehive coke yards in the Klondike Field. Developement continued into the 1920s, but in that decade the coke plants began to close as more and more coal from the Klondike Field was shipped to by-product plants. Much coal was shipped by barge on the Monongahela River, which gave this field an advantage over rail-dependent fields such as Connellsville. At the beginning of the 21st Century most large mines have closed, CONSOL's Dillworth being the most recent.

                                   THE TOWNS:

                                                GRINDSTONE

Home ] Up ] Emma Louise Lowry Martin, born May 1918 ] Alphonzo Quinto Lowry Martin, born 24 April 1929 ] Leoma Myrtle Lowry Martin, born abt 1922 ] Album Buster Lowry Martin, born abt 1923 ] Lewis Emmet Lowry Martin, born abt 1924 ] Harold Martin, Sr., born 28 Dec 1930 ] Zyra Yvonne Lowry Robinson-Martin ] Ida Minerva Lowry Martin ]

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