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Stephen Martin, born abt 1877
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Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.

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Sarah Robinson, born abt 1880

Stephen Martin was born in Ridgeway of Henry County Virginia, and likely descended from the coerced breeding of at least nine (9) offspring by Amy Martin, born abt 1800. It ought to be kept in mind there were many Martins inter-married with Native Americans in Henry County, and many went to work in the coal mines of western Virginia and West Virginia.

Name:Stephen Martin
Home in 1880:Ridgeway, Henry, Virginia
Age:3
Estimated birth year:abt 1877
Birthplace:Virginia
Relation to head-of-household:Son
Father's name:Henry Martin
Father's birthplace:Virginia
Mother's name:Jennie Martin
Mother's birthplace:Virginia
Neighbors:View others on page
Marital Status:Single
Race:Black
Gender:Male
Cannot read/write:

Blind:

Deaf and dumb:

Otherwise disabled:

Idiotic or insane:
View image
Household Members:
NameAge
Henry Martin40
Jennie Martin36
Martha Martin19
Aggie Martin14
Bettie Martin13
Henry Martin10
Caroline Martin8
Eliza Martin7
Stephen Martin3
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Household Record 1880 United States Census
 
Search results |  Download Previous Household   Next Household

 Household:
 Name RelationMarital StatusGenderRaceAgeBirthplaceOccupationFather's BirthplaceMother's Birthplace
 Chas. T. DUNCAN  Self  M  Male  W  40  VA  Lawyer  VA  VA 
 Mary L. DUNCAN  Wife  M  Female  W  30  VA  Keeping House  VA  TN 
 Maggie L. DUNCAN  Dau  S  Female  W  8  VA  Going To School  VA  VA 
 Ann E. DUNCAN  Dau  S  Female  W  6  VA  Going To School  VA  VA 
 Leroy POTEET  Other  S  Male  B  23  VA  Laborer  VA  VA 
 Amelia MARTIN  Other  S  Female  B  35  KY  Domestic Service  KY  KY 
 Frank MARTIN  Other  S  Male  B  15  VA  Servant  VA  VA 
 Emmet MARTIN  Other  S  Male  B  1  VA    VA  VA 

Source Information:
 
 Census PlaceJonesville, Lee, Virginia
 Family History Library Film  1255375
 NA Film Number  T9-1375
 Page Number  172D      

Our view is that Sarah, born in 1880 would have been able to marry Stephen Martin sometime after year 1900 when he was old enough and skilled as a coal miner with cash income sufficient to support a family.  They apparently married long enough for Lewis to be apprenticed as a coal miner before World War I and possibly by time of the 1910 census. 

We are inclined to believe both Stephen and son Lewis lived and worked in McDowell County coal mines because point #1 the widespread dangers in those mines made labor shortages of White miners a problem that encouraged recruitment of Black miners.  The second reason for our conclusion is that Lewis apparently registered for 1917-1918 selective service draft in McDowell County.

McDowell County Mine Disasters

Since the first coal mining in the 1800's, McDowell County, located in the southern part of West Virginia, has suffered more mine disasters than any county in the state. These disasters, mostly mine explosions, accounted for over 500 fatalities from 1902 to 1964.

Mine Name and Location
Date
Number of Victims
  
 
Algoma No. 7 (Algoma, WV)September 15, 1902
17
Grapevine (Wilcoe, WV)February 26, 1905
7
Tidewater (Vivian, WV)July 5, 1905
5
Tidewater (Vivian, WV)November 4, 1905
7
Lick Branch, first (Switchback, WV)December 29, 1908
50
Lick Branch, second (Switchback, WV)January 12, 1909
67
Standard (Capels, WV)August 1, 1911
6
Bottom Creek (Vivian, WV)November 11, 1911
18
Jed (Jed, now Havaco, WV)March 26, 1912
80
Yukon (Susanna, WV)December 15, 1917
18
King No. 28 (Vivian, WV)March 28, 1916
10
Carswell (Kimball, WV)July 18, 1919
7
Yukon No. 2 (Yukon, WV)March 28, 1924
24
Capels - Shannon Branch No. 3 (Capels, WV)May 13, 1927
8
Keystone (Keystone, WV)April 2, 1928
8
Yukon No. 1 (Yukon, WV)May 22, 1928
17
Princess Pocahontas (Roderfield, WV)November 30, 1928
6
Pond Creek No. 1 (Bartley, WV) (Bartley Memorial)January 10, 1940
91
Carswell (Carswell, WV)January 22, 1941
6
Havaco No. 9 (Havaco, WV)January 15, 1946
15
Berwind No. 11 (Capels, WV)August 6, 1948
6
Bishop Coal Company (Bishop, WV)February 4, 1957
39
Amonate (Amonate, WV)December 27, 1957
11
Bishop Coal Company (Bishop, WV)October 26, 1958
22
Island Creek No. 6 (Bartley, WV)September 28, 1964
3

 

 
Stephen Martin
Home in 1920:Somerset, Somerset, Pennsylvania
Age:46
Estimated birth year:abt 1874
Birthplace:Virginia
Relation to Head of House:Self (Head)
[Head] 
Spouse's name:Sarah Martin
Father's Birth Place:Pennsylvania
Mother's Birth Place:Pennsylvania
Marital Status:Married
Race:Black
Sex:Male
Home owned:Rent
Able to read:Yes
Able to Write:Yes
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Stephen Martin46
Sarah Martin47
Catharine Martin17
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Name:Stephen Martin
County:Henry
State:Virginia
Birth Date:Feb 1875
Race:Black
FHL Roll Number:1984804
DraftBoard:0
Age:

Occupation:

Nearest Relative:

Height/Build:

Color of Eyes/Hair:

Signature:
View image
 

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Tip: View blank f

Source Citation: Registration Location: Henry County, Virginia; Roll: 1984804; Draft Board: 0.

Source Information:

Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.

 

Stephen Martin
Home in 1930: Georges, Fayette, Pennsylvania
View Map
Age: 51
Estimated birth year:abt 1879
Birthplace:Virginia
Relation to Head of House:Head
Spouse's name:Sarah A Martin
Race:Negro (Black)
Occupation:

Education:

Military Service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents' birthplace:
View image
Neighbors:View others on page
Household Members:
NameAge
Stephen Martin51
Sarah A Martin54
  
 Household:
 Name RelationMarital StatusGenderRaceAgeBirthplaceOccupationFather's BirthplaceMother's Birthplace
 Chas. T. DUNCAN  Self  M  Male  W  40  VA  Lawyer  VA  VA 
 Mary L. DUNCAN  Wife  M  Female  W  30  VA  Keeping House  VA  TN 
 Maggie L. DUNCAN  Dau  S  Female  W  8  VA  Going To School  VA  VA 
 Ann E. DUNCAN  Dau  S  Female  W  6  VA  Going To School  VA  VA 
 Leroy POTEET  Other  S  Male  B  23  VA  Laborer  VA  VA 
 Amelia MARTIN  Other  S  Female  B  35  KY  Domestic Service  KY  KY 
 Frank MARTIN  Other  S  Male  B  15  VA  Servant  VA  VA 
 Emmet MARTIN  Other  S  Male  B  1  VA    VA  VA 

Source Information: 
 Census PlaceJonesville, Lee, Virginia
 Family History Library Film  1255375
 NA Film Number  T9-1375
 Page Number  172D      

 


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