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Stephen Martin, born abt 1832
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Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.

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Stephen Martin, born abt 1877

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stephen Martin, born about 1832 in Virginia was likely a volunteer in the 18th Regiment of the U.S. Colored Troops Regiments operating in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia and West Virginia.  It is not uncommon that most of the men who left the southern chattel slave system to enlist did not return to or live in former counties and states of former enslavement, ... especially after the Union Troops left the south in 1876 four years before the 1880 census reflected below. 

 Household:
 Name RelationMarital StatusGenderRaceAgeBirthplaceOccupationFather's BirthplaceMother's Birthplace
 Stephen MARTIN  Self  M  Male  B  52  VA  Iron Moulder  VA  VA 
 Charlotte MARTIN  Wife  M  Female  B  50  WV  Keeping House  WV  WV 
 Louis MARTIN  Son  S  Male  B  19  VA  Waiter  VA  WV 
 Stephen MARTIN  Son  S  Male  B  16  PA  Singer  VA  WV 
 Nellie MARTIN  Dau  S  Female  B  11  MA  At School  VA  WV 
 Frank MARTIN  Son  S  Male  B  10  MA  At School  VA  WV 

Source Information:
 
 Census PlaceCambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts
 Family History Library Film  1254543
 NA Film Number  T9-0543
 Page Number  7B      

UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS
18th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry

Organized in Missouri at large February 1 to September 28, 1864. Attached to District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1864. Unassigned, District of the Etowan, Dept. of the Cumberland, December, 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January, 1865. Unassigned, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1865. 1st Colored Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee and Dept. of the Tennessee, to February, 1866.

SERVICE.-Duty in District of St. Louis, Mo., and at St. Louis till November, 1864. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., November 7. Moved to Paducah, Ky., November 7-11, thence to Nashville, Tenn. Occupation of Nashville during Hood's investment December 1-15. Battles of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. At Bridgeport, Ala., guarding railroad till February, 1865. Action at Elrod's Tan Yard January 27. At Chattanooga, Tenn., and in District of East Tennessee till February, 1866. Mustered out February 21, 1866.
 

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