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Thomas Eston Hemings Jefferson, born 1838
Home Up Unnamed Son Hemings Sarah Elizabeth Hemings Jefferson, b.1835 Thomas Eston Hemings Jefferson, born 1838 Harriette Hemings Jefferson, b. 1839 Mary Ann Hemings Jefferson, born 1843 Catherine Jane Hemings Jefferson, born 1844 William Beverly Hemings Jefferson, born 1847 James Madison Hemings Jefferson, born 1849 Julia Ann Hemings Jefferson, born 1851 Ellen Wayles Hemings Jefferson, born 1856 Madison Hemings' Story

Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.

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Thomas Eston Hemings was born in 1838 to Mary McCoy and Madison Hemings at a time and place in our history up from slavery that ought never be forgotten because so many of us the living owe so very much to the chosen few like him who died that others might live better and more fruitful lives. 

Growing up in Ohio during the 1840s and 1850s must have given him a world view and knowledge of self and dozens of cousins, some free and some slave.  He would have listened and learned intently to the man from Illinois pronounce that "a house divided could not stand, and the nation could not remain half-free and half-slave." It is almost inconceivable that a young man like Thomas would not have been greatly impacted by sermons of Frederick Douglass and speeches by Abraham Lincoln.

Captured by confederates and held at Andersonville, Georgia, United States

No.
Prisoner's Name
Side
Unit

1

Hemings, John C.

Union

16 Iowa

2

Hemings, Thomas E.

Union

175, 178 Ohio

 

Thomas enlisted in the Union forces as a White man when the Civil War first began, .... which was two years before Lincoln's Executive Order and Proclamation to recruit Black troops in the war effort. Thomas fought in several battles, was wounded, suffered, faded to less than a hundred pounds and died as a White Yankee in the confederate prisoner of war godless hell-hole, guarded by ruthless Alabama born hate filled non-Christians in Andersonville, Georgia. 

The camp had come into existence as a strategic relocation from Richmond, Virginia when the confederates were forced to abandon their capitol and armaments industries; ... and the belief that deep in the heart of Dixie would be safe from Union force penetrations and rescue of their prisoners.  And, having established the new place for captured Union soldiers, ... the confederates lacked food and supplies to support it in face of being chased out of the Shenandoah Valley bread-basket and isolated from other losing sources of agricultural wealth.  

Camp guards themselves were totally dependent upon loyal slaves in the vicinity to grow, harvest, prepare and cook food for them.  It is ironic that so many Alabama rebels living there were able to find favor and strike fear in the hearts of slaves afraid to run away. 

Our first wonder is did any of Clarence Thomas' ancestors working at the camp ever offer prayers or maybe even a piece of bread and drink of water to comfort to suffering prisoners as they died? 

And the second wonder is did he know about his cousin John C. Hemings also held there until swapped in a prisoner exchange and released to General Sherman in Atlanta who had defeated writer Margaret Mitchell's heroes like her beloved "Ashley, Rhett and other gentlemen" who fled for their lives when "Uncle Billy Sherman" had come to call with his boys from Ohio covering over ten miles per day in his great march from Savannah to Atlanta. 

The untold story about men like Thomas Hemings is not so much that they fought and died but rather tried to help "the least of us" deserving or not like ancestors of those who watched and "waited for the Lord to set them free."  

But, rather Thomas, his siblings, father and mother knew that freedom given can be taken away, ... and each generation is called upon from heaven and earth to give their best to receive the blessings of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.

 

Husband's Name
Madison HEMINGS  
Born: 19 Jan 1805Place: <Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia> 
Died: 1877Place:  Ross County, Ohio 
Married: 1831Place: Charlottesville, Virginia 
Father: Thomas Jefferson 
 Mother: Sarah (Sally) Hemings 

Wife's Name
Mary MCCOY  
Born: 1808Place: Virginia 
Died: 1867Place: Ross County, Ohio 
Married: 1831Place: Charlottesville, Virginia 
Father: Mr. McCoy 
 Mother: Ms. Hughes 

Children

 1. Sex Name  
  MUnnamed Son HEMINGS (First-born baby boy born and died in Charlottesville. Believed to have been named John to honor Madison's favorite uncle, John? who also mentored him as a surrogate father and trained him as a carpenter) 
  Born: Abt. 1833 Place: Charlottesville, Virginia  

 2. Sex Name  
  FSarah E HEMINGS (Named after Madison's cousin Sarah Jefferson Randolph) 
  Born: 1835 Place: <Ohio>  
  Died: 1884 Place:   

 3. Sex Name  
  MThomas Eston HEMINGS  (Named to honor Madison's Father Thomas Jefferson and brother Eston Hemings) 
  Born: 1838 Place: Ohio  

 4. Sex Name  
  FHarriet HEMINGS  (Named to honor Madison's sister Harriet) 
  Born: 1839 Place: Ohio  

 5. Sex Name  
  FMary Ann HEMINGS  (Named to honor Madison's Aunt Mary Hemings and cousin Ann Jefferson Randolph) 
  Born: 1843 Place: Ohio  

 6. Sex Name  
  FCatherine Jane HEMINGS  (Named to honor Madison's cousins Catherine and Jane Jefferson Randolph) 
  Born: 1844 Place: Ohio  

 7. Sex Name  
  MWilliam Beverly HEMINGS  (Named to honor William Wilberforce and Madison's brother Beverly). 
  Born: 1847 Place: Ohio  
  Died: 1910 Place: Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 

 8. Sex Name  
  MJames Madison HEMINGS  (Named to honor Madison's Uncle James Hemings and cousin James Madison Jefferson Randolph who died). 
  Born: 1849 Place: Ohio  

 9. Sex Name  
  FEllen Wayles HEMINGS  (Named to honor Madison's cousin Ellen Wayles Jefferson Randolph) 
  Born: 1856 Place: Ohio  
  Died: 1936 Place:  

 

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