Frog Generations in and around the Roanoke-Salem era of Virginia came into existence long before the American Revolutionary War and likely even the French and Indian War as the British Empire pushed across the Allegheny Mountains range. So far as we can determine, the Frog generations still existing in and around Roanoke-Salem Virginia began with Spring Frog and a woman of African heritage likely enslaved by his father.
Wars are the world's great change agents in that nothing in its paths are ever the same again, for the victors or victims of it. The Cherokee natives that inhabited vast lands stretching southward from western Virginia to Alabama were part and parcel of wars that changed and pushed them away from their landed heritages like Roanoke-Salem, Virginia. They left behind human legacies of slaves and bonded servants sold and resold in untold stories waiting for new generation writers to research and tell.
The Indian Removal era initiated by President Andrew Jackson was a source of turmoil for Native Americans and great opportunities for the new United States to acquire and redistribute their locations, towns, farms and even chattel slaves they owned.
In 1815, the US government established a Cherokee Reservation in Arkansas. The reservation boundaries extended from north of the Arkansas River to the southern bank of the White River. The Bowl, Sequoyah, Spring Frog and Tatsi (Dutch) and their bands settled there. These Cherokees became known as "Old Settlers." John Ross became the Principal Chief of the tribe in 1828 and remained the chief until his death in 1866.
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